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Source: DW

Dec 8, 2022

The man is thought to be the first protester to be given the death penalty since widespread protests broke out in September. Activists warn others are facing a similar fate.

Iran announced on Thursday that it had executed a man arrested during the nationwide protests that have shaken the country for several months.

The protester, identified as Mohsen Shekari by Iranian news agencies, is thought to be the first person executed by the Iranian regime in connection with the protests.

He was convicted of blocking Sattar Khan Boulevard in the capital Tehran and injuring a security guard with a machete on September 25. He was convicted on November 1 for "waging war against God" under Iran's strict interpretation of Islamic law, or Sharia. The ruling was upheld by the supreme court on November 20 despite an appeal.

US says execution 'a grim escalation'

The United States responded to the execution saying it was a "grim escalation" and vowed that the clerical regime would be held to account.

"The execution of Mohsen Shekari represents the regime's attempt to suppress dissent and quash these protests," said State Department spokesman Ned Price.

Jake Sullivan, US President Joe Biden's national security advisor, said on Twitter: "The unjust and cruel execution of Mohsen Shekari is a cynical attempt to intimidate the brave Iranian people.  Our hearts are with his family.  We will hold the Iranian regime accountable for the brutal violence it’s committing against its own people."

More executions expected

Five other people were sentenced to death by hanging on Tuesday for the killing of a member of Iran's volunteer Basij security force.

Rights watchdog Amnesty International has said that at least 21 people are facing the death penalty following what it called "sham trials designed to intimidate those participating in the popular uprising that has rocked Iran."

"The Iranian authorities must immediately quash all death sentences, refrain from seeking the imposition of the death penalty and drop all charges against those arrested in connection with their peaceful participation in protests," Amnesty said.

The director of the Oslo-based NGO Iran Human Rights, Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam, called for "rapid practical consequences internationally" to the execution to prevent the possibility of "facing daily execution of prisoners."

German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock slammed the "Iranian regime's contempt for human life" and the "perfidious" trial of Shekari, in a tweet. "The threat of execution will not suffocate the will for freedom," she added.

Calls for diplomatic consequences

The execution of Shekari has prompted some anti-government campaigners to call on European countries to expel Iranian diplomats and the children of high-ranking officials who enjoy a liberal lifestyle in the EU.

However, Greens MEP Hannah Neumann said this could prevent Europe's own embassies in Iran from helping protestors on the ground.

"If we expel Iranian diplomats from the European Union, there is this kind of issue of reciprocity in foreign policy," Neumann told DW. "So then we would give the regime the easiest of all excuses to kick out our own ambassadors, our own embassies from Iran."

She added that EU-member embassies are currently doing "crucial work inside the country," including observing trials, exerting pressure and offering support to protesters.

"And all of this would have to stop or would stop if our ambassadors would be kicked out," she said.

Neumann also said that EU embassies have been a crucial source of reliable information in the country where media is highly restricted.

She instead called for European and world leaders to ramp up sanctions and issue even stronger condemnations against the Iranian government.

Is Iran's morality police about to be disbanded?

Why are people protesting in Iran?

The protests have proven to be one of the biggest challenges the Islamic Republic has faced since the 1979 revolution that ousted the Shah and brought Ayatollah Khomeini — and his successor Ayatollah Ali Khamenei — to power.

Protesters first took to the streets following the death of 22-year-old Jina Mahsa Amini while in detention. She had been arrested by Iran's so-called "morality police" for failing to abide by the country's strict dress code.

The demonstrations began in the western region of Kurdistan, Amini's home region, but soon spread across the country.

Women have played a key role in the anti-government protests with many videos shared on social media of women removing their headscarves in public.

Authorities have responded to the protests — which they blame on foreign interference — with a violent crackdown. Rights groups based outside of the country estimate the number of people killed in clashes with security forces to have reached almost 500.

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